Reformed Theological Seminary


The purpose of RTS is to serve the church in all branches of evangelical Christianity, especially the Presbyterian and Reformed family, by preparing its leaders, with a priority on pastors, and including missionaries, educators, counselors, and others through a program of theological education on the graduate level, based upon the authority of the inerrant Word of God, the sixty-six books of the Bible, and committed to the Reformed faith as set forth in the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms as accepted by the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America as its standard of doctrine at its first General Assembly in 1789. This program shall be characterized by biblical fidelity, confessional integrity, and academic excellence, and committed to the promotion of the spiritual growth of the students. The breadth of this ministry will include multiple campuses and extensions as led by the Lord.

Contact information

Mailing address:
Reformed Theological Seminary
5422 Clinton Blvd
Jackson, MS 39209-3050


Phone: 601-923-1600


Organization details

EIN: 640428676

CEO/President: J Ligon Duncan III

Chairman: Richard L. Ridgeway

Board size: 12


Year founded: 1964

Tax deductible: Yes

Fiscal year end: 05/31

Member of ECFA: Yes

Member of ECFA since: 1981


Reformed Theological Seminary exists to glorify the Triune God and to serve His Church in all branches of evangelical Christianity, especially Presbyterian and Reformed churches, by providing Reformed graduate theological education that is globally accessible. RTS equips its students for ministry, primarily through pastoral preparation, to be servant leaders marked by "A Mind for Truth, A Heart for God."

Mission statement

The mission of Reformed Theological Seminary is to serve the Church by preparing its leaders, through a program of graduate theological education, based upon the authority of the inerrant Word of God, and committed to the Reformed Faith.

Statement of faith

To ensure that the original purpose and doctrinal distinctives of the seminary are maintained, each trustee, senior administrator, and voting faculty member, with solemn awareness of accountability to God in all that he feels, thinks, says, and does, engages in and subscribes to the following Statement of Belief and Covenant:

There is but one only, the living and true God; and there are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory.

Scripture is the inspired, inerrant Word of God, the final authority, and only infallible rule of faith and practice. As the Word of God written, all Scripture is self-attesting and is verbally inspired by Almighty God, and therefore without error as originally given.

Reformed theology as set forth in the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms as adopted by the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America as its subordinate standard of doctrine at its first General Assembly in 1789 is founded upon the Word of God, and therefore is to be learned, taught, and proclaimed for the edification of God's people, the government of the Church, the propagation of the faith, and the evangelization of the world by the power of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

I sincerely own and believe the statements above, and I will firmly and constantly adhere unto them, and to the utmost of my power I will assert, maintain, and defend the same.

NOW THEREFORE, the undersigned, in the presence of God, states and signifies that he consents, agrees, and binds himself to all of the foregoing without any reservation whatsoever, and that he further obligates himself immediately to notify in writing the Provost should a change of any kind take place in his belief and feeling not in accord with this statement. Amen.

Transparency grade

This ministry has not been assigned a transparency grade.

To understand our transparency grade, click here.

Financial efficiency ratings

Sector: Colleges/Universities

CategoryRatingOverall rankSector rank
Overall efficiency rating545 of 61879 of 85
Fund acquisition rating397 of 61877 of 85
Resource allocation rating460 of 61871 of 85
Asset utilization rating525 of 61860 of 85

Financial ratios

Funding ratiosMedian % for
all ministries in
MW database
Return on fundraising efforts Return on fundraising efforts =
Fundraising expense /
Total contributions
Fundraising cost ratio Fundraising cost ratio =
Fundraising expense /
Total revenue
Contributions reliance Contributions reliance =
Total contributions /
Total revenue
Fundraising expense ratio Fundraising expense ratio =
Fundraising expense /
Total expenses
Other revenue reliance Other revenue reliance =
Total other revenue /
Total revenue
Operating ratiosMedian % for
all ministries in
MW database
Program expense ratio Program expense ratio =
Program services /
Total expenses
Spending ratio Spending ratio =
Total expenses /
Total revenue
Program output ratio Program output ratio =
Program services /
Total revenue
Savings ratio Savings ratio =
Surplus (deficit) /
Total revenue
Reserve accumulation rate Reserve accumulation rate =
Surplus (deficit) /
Net assets
General and admin ratio General and admin ratio =
Management and general expense /
Total expenses
Investing ratiosMedian measure
for all ministries
in MW database
Total asset turnover Total asset turnover =
Total expenses /
Total assets
Degree of long-term investment Degree of long-term investment =
Total assets /
Total current assets
Current asset turnover Current asset turnover =
Total expenses /
Total current assets
Liquidity ratiosMedian measure
for all ministries
in MW database
Current ratio Current ratio =
Total current assets /
Total current liabilities
Current liabilities ratio Current liabilities ratio =
Total current liabilities /
Total current assets
Liquid reserve level Liquid reserve level =
(Total current assets -
Total current liabilities) /
(Total expenses / 12)
Solvency ratiosMedian % for
all ministries in
MW database
Liabilities ratio Liabilities ratio =
Total liabilities /
Total assets
Debt ratio Debt ratio =
Debt /
Total assets
Reserve coverage ratio Reserve coverage ratio =
Net assets /
Total expenses


Balance sheet
Receivables, inventories, prepaids$1,251,935$633,291$9,046,286$644,542$708,753
Short-term investments$39,736,392$43,085,711$32,123,130$32,500,349$32,752,683
Other current assets$0$0$0$0$0
Total current assets$42,556,753$45,280,704$43,566,884$34,372,080$35,325,218
Long-term investments$41,030,715$31,272,152$26,154,345$25,210,793$17,261,831
Fixed assets$20,450,282$21,693,022$22,060,542$22,759,030$23,819,522
Other long-term assets$2,747,757$2,484,502$2,279,073$2,395,734$2,596,549
Total long-term assets$64,228,754$55,449,676$50,493,960$50,365,557$43,677,902
Total assets$106,785,507$100,730,380$94,060,844$84,737,637$79,003,120
Payables and accrued expenses$862,808$982,180$865,737$769,461$989,284
Other current liabilities$916,580$1,008,355$938,871$817,709$750,168
Total current liabilities$1,779,388$1,990,535$1,804,608$1,587,170$1,739,452
Due to (from) affiliates$0$0$0$0$0
Other long-term liabilities$948,795$1,235,263$1,332,914$1,460,419$1,480,968
Total long-term liabilities$948,795$1,235,263$1,332,914$1,460,419$1,480,968
Total liabilities$2,728,183$3,225,798$3,137,522$3,047,589$3,220,420
Net assets20182017201620152014
Temporarily restricted$49,121,781$47,543,626$46,939,256$31,689,974$30,620,075
Permanently restricted$1,724,144$1,690,473$1,635,175$1,693,122$1,684,935
Net assets$104,057,324$97,504,582$90,923,322$81,690,048$75,782,700
Revenues and expenses
Total contributions$8,395,056$6,714,609$21,326,698$6,779,137$7,345,867
Program service revenue$10,817,647$10,140,238$9,565,304$8,896,757$8,185,547
Membership dues$0$0$0$0$0
Investment income$8,885,328$4,130,210$1,315,745$3,199,559$3,999,290
Other revenue$24,458$644,352$518,902$232,464$597,362
Total other revenue$19,727,433$14,914,800$11,399,951$12,328,780$12,782,199
Total revenue$28,122,489$21,629,409$32,726,649$19,107,917$20,128,066
Program services$16,057,799$15,271,063$14,599,393$14,078,186$13,732,649
Management and general$3,957,043$3,627,568$3,466,543$3,653,479$3,893,266
Total expenses$21,303,957$20,064,959$19,578,041$19,019,176$19,206,771
Change in net assets20182017201620152014
Surplus (deficit)$6,818,532$1,564,450$13,148,608$88,741$921,295
Other changes in net assets$0$0$0$0$0
Total change in net assets$6,818,532$1,564,450$13,148,608$88,741$921,295

Response from ministry

No response has been provided by this ministry.


In June 1963, five ministers met in a Memphis hotel room to pray about the need to establish a new seminary. At that time there was no seminary in the southeastern United States holding to Reformed theology and committed to the Bible as God's inerrant Word, the final authority for faith and life. When the meeting ended, the seed that would become Reformed Theological Seminary had been planted. Through the Lord's provision, the original Jackson campus property was acquired. The property consisted of 14 acres on which was located a two-story white colonial home used for offices and classrooms in those early years. In the fall of 1966, RTS opened its doors for resident studies in Jackson, Mississippi. Seventeen students enrolled. On September 6, Dr. C. Darby Fulton, former Executive Secretary of the Board of World Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, delivered the first convocation address entitled "The Relevancy of the Gospel." Since that time RTS has grown to nine degree-granting campuses: Jackson, MS; Orlando, FL; Charlotte, NC; Washington DC; Atlanta, GA; Houston, TX; Dallas, TX; Sao Paulo, Brazil; and Global Education (U.S. and International). RTS has one partial degree campus in New York, NY.

Program accomplishments